Osteoporosis is a medical condition which causes thinning of the bones. This can result in painful fractures. Risk factors for osteoporosis can include being female, low body weight, aging, low sex hormones or menopause, smoking, and certain medications. Prevention and care typically include exercise, calcium and vitamin D supplements, and osteoporosis medications.
A person is frequently not conscious of the fact that he or she has osteoporosis. A fracture is usually what brings the condition to their attention. Symptoms of the disorder which can include:
- A gradual loss of height and an associated hunched posture
- Fractures of the spine, wrist, or hip
Treatments for Osteoporosis:
After reviewing the results of your medical history, physical examination, bone density test and any other tests related to your bone health, you and your healthcare provider can develop a plan to protect your bones. If you have already broken a bone due to osteoporosis, you can take steps to slow or stop bone loss and prevent broken bones in the future.
Most people with osteoporosis need to take an osteoporosis medicine to prevent broken bones. If you have osteoporosis or have broken a bone, your healthcare provider may also refer you to a physical therapist (PT). A PT who works with osteoporosis patients can teach you safe exercises to improve your strength, balance, and posture. A PT can also help you prevent falls and broken bones.
There are several different treatments for osteoporosis, including lifestyle changes and a variety of medications. Medications are used to strengthen bones that have been diagnosed with osteoporosis or thinning. Doctors also recommend exercises including weight-bearing movement, resistance exercises, and balance exercises to strengthen the bones as well as the supporting tissue. The doctor will also recommend ensuring that you have sufficient calcium and vitamin D in your diet to support healthy bone.