Most shoulder surgeries are performed either as arthroscopy or as open surgical procedures. Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical technique using specially designed devices to access the joint through small incisions in the skin. The surgeon performs the repairs while watching a video feed from inside the body to see inside the joint and to check his progress. Open surgery is the traditional method where the body is opened up to allow the surgeon access to the joint. Your physician will provide you with advice and details about the options available if shoulder surgery is necessary to treat your condition.
Common Shoulder Problems:
- Bursitis or tendinitis: These conditions are due to overuse from repetitive activities and cause rubbing or squeezing in the rotator cuff.
- Partial rotator cuff tears: This injury involves damage to the soft tissue in the rotator cuff.
- Full-thickness rotator cuff tears: In this injury, there is a split in the soft tissue in the rotator cuff. It typically involves the tendons that attach the muscles to the top of the humerus.
- Instability: This condition occurs when the top of the humerus is forced out of its socket and can present either as a partial or full dislocation.
- Fractures: Fractures can occur in the collarbone and the head of the humerus. Fractures are usually simple, or hairline fractures, although more serious or compound fractures can also occur.
- Arthritis: The shoulder is susceptible to osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis that can cause painful tissue and bone degeneration.
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