The surgical procedures for the spine treat a variety of injuries and conditions. The physician will work with the patient to accurately diagnose the issue and identify the best treatment plan.
Your physician at Orthopaedic Associates of Central Texas will evaluate your medical history, x-rays, and other imaging services, assess your range of motion and levels of pain experiences. Often, the physicians will treat the spine condition with a more conservative approach such as physical therapy or medication and use surgical procedures only when necessary.
Experienced in delivering a wide variety of surgical procedures:
- Anterior (front) and posterior (back) operations
- Cervical, thoracic, and lumbar decompression such as discectomy, corpectomy, and laminectomy
- Cervical, thoracic, and lumbar fusions
- Kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty for compression fractures
- Minimally invasive procedures including discectomy, decompression, and fusion
What Conditions Cause Lumbar Pain?
The lower back is called the lumbar region and is a common place for people to experience pain. Some of the most common causes of pain in the lumbar region include herniated discs, degenerative discs, disc tears, spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, scoliosis, and fractures. Back pain is one of the biggest medical issues faced by Americans today. If you are experiencing pain in your lower back that does not decrease, or if it causes any pain or numbness in your legs, make an appointment to have your back assessed.
What is Lumbar Spine Surgery?
There are three primary kinds of surgery performed on the lumbar spine. All these procedures can be performed in a traditional open surgery or in a minimally invasive procedure where the surgeon uses special tools, inserted into the body through small incisions.
- Lumbar decompression involves freeing up pinched nerves due to poor stability of the lumbar spine region. Common reasons for nerve involvement are herniated discs and spinal stenosis, which is the narrowing of the spinal column or pathways that house the spinal cord or nerves.
- Lumbar Fusion is a surgery that helps to stabilize a section of vertebrae that may not be strong enough to support the weight of the upper body and therefore begins to sag or collapse, causing pain or nerve damage. A common diagnosis that requires lumbar spinal fusion is lumbar degenerative disc disease.
- Lumbar discectomy is the removal of a disc that is pinching a nerve causing severe leg pain, numbness, and weakness.
What are the Benefits of Minimally Invasive Surgery?
Minimally invasive surgeries have advantages over traditional open surgeries. Minimally invasive techniques use small incisions; they also cause less tissue damage and less bleeding, which makes recovery faster and more comfortable. These techniques also tend to have fewer risks and complications, and many can be performed as outpatient procedures or require much shorter hospital stays compared to traditional surgeries.